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How to obtain NISS (Social Security Number) in Portugal Online

Updated: Aug 18, 2023

Moving to Portugal requires navigating administrative processes, including obtaining a social security number. In this article, we'll guide you through the steps to smoothly acquire your social security number and discuss its benefits in Portugal.


What is the NISS Portuguese Social Security number?

To obtain your NISS (Número de Identificação de Segurança Social) in Portugal, you must be employed or self-employed in the country. If you're working for a company, your employer will handle the process on your behalf, but you still need to provide the necessary documents. If you're self-employed, you must complete the process yourself.

Having a NISS number is crucial as it enables you to make social security contributions to the Portuguese government based on your work activities. The contribution rates typically stand at 23.75% for employers and 11% for employees. How to get your social security number in Portugal

Since January 2020, the Portuguese Government has simplified the process of obtaining a social security number. Whether you're employed or self-employed in Portugal, you can now obtain your number in person once you meet the requirements and provide the necessary documents to the Segurança Social (Social Security Department). In certain cases, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it may even be possible to request your number via email from the Segurança Social.

The requirements to obtain your social security number in Portugal typically include the following:

  1. Employment: You must have a job offer or be employed in Portugal, or be self-employed as a freelancer.

  2. Residency: You need to have legal residency in Portugal, which may require a valid visa or residence permit.

  3. Identification: You must provide a valid identification document, such as a passport or national identity card.

  4. Tax Identification Number (NIF): You need to obtain a Portuguese Tax Identification Number (Número de Identificação Fiscal/NIF) before applying for your social security number.

  5. Employment Contract or Proof of Self-Employment: If you are employed, you must provide an employment contract or letter from your employer. If you are self-employed, you will need to provide documentation supporting your self-employment status.

It's important to note that specific requirements and procedures may vary, so it's advisable to consult the Segurança Social or seek professional assistance for the most up-to-date and accurate information based on your individual circumstances. Social security benefits in Portugal

Social Security Lisbon

Social security benefits in Portugal are available to Portuguese nationals, qualifying EU nationals, and legal residents, including their spouses and dependents. The benefits cover various areas such as sickness, maternity/paternity, retirement, unemployment, death, work-related accidents, illness, and disability. There is also a non-contributory scheme for individuals who don't meet the minimum income requirements.

Once you have social security coverage, healthcare in Portugal is included. The country boasts a highly regarded healthcare system, ranked 13th best in Europe by the Euro Health Consumer Index in 2018. It is known for its patient rights, overall health outcomes, and relatively short waiting times. For further details, you can refer to the comprehensive guide provided by the European Commission.

Bureaucracy in Portugal

While it is often mentioned that bureaucracy in Portugal can be challenging, living in the country will help you adapt to the process more easily. Although it may be slower in certain instances and involve substantial paperwork, the overall procedure should not be excessively burdensome. Ready to obtain your NISS (Social Security Number) in Portugal? Simplify the process with the help of Inlis Consulting, the trusted accounting and tax firm in Lisbon. Say goodbye to bureaucratic hurdles and streamline your journey to your NISS.

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